As the Anti-Spiral itself explains it, the Spiral Nemesis's catalyst is Spiral Energy's ability to defy the laws of physics, such as creating matter from nothing, from Giga Drill Breaks to the transformation of the higher levels of Gunmen. If enough Spiral Energy was to be generated, all Spiral lifeforms in the universe would eventually start evolving into full-sized galaxies. The sudden imbalance of mass in the universe would lead to these mega-galaxies devouring each other, forming a black hole which would consume the entire universe. The Anti-Spiral's actions throughout the series are intended to destroy all Spiral Energy in the universe, thereby keeping the Spiral Nemesis from ever happening.
In The Lights in the Sky are Stars, it is shown that the Spiral Nemesis is more than just a theory. When Super Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann and Super Granzeboma's Giga Drill Breaks collide, the entire Anti-Spiral universe begins to collapse into itself. Of course, this was on an order of magnitude far greater than the Anti-Spiral thought the Spiral races were capable of. This shows that the Spiral Nemesis, while still theoretically possible, requires a great deal more mass and Spiral Power than even the Anti-Spiral had initially surmised.
Debate (WARNING: NON-CANON SPECULATION BELOW)
The nature and likelihood of the Spiral Nemesis is one of the biggest lingering questions in Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann. Team Dai-Gurren appears to believe the Anti-Spiral's theory, resolving to either prevent or somehow defeat the event if it ever becomes a problem, but whether or not the Spiral Nemesis is a real danger to the universe is never definitively answered, and is left up to interpretation.
Among the fandom, several theories about the Spiral Nemesis have been proposed:
- The Spiral Nemesis is indeed a real threat, but if Spiral Energy is not overused, it can be prevented. This seems to be the most common theory, and the one most people think the show implies.
- The Spiral Nemesis is an inevitable consequence of evolution; when the universe's life forms grow too advanced, their combined Spiral Energy will destroy everything. Limiting Spiral Energy certainly delays it, but there is no way to totally circumvent the Spiral Nemesis.
- The Spiral Nemesis is part of the universal life cycle; after everything has been devoured by the all-encompassing black hole, a new Big Bang will occur, beginning creation anew.
- The Spiral Nemesis is only a theory, but the Anti-Spirals took no chances and simply acted as though it would occur factually.
Each of these theories - as well as others - have their believers and detractors, but the true nature of the Spiral Nemesis is, and likely always will be, a mystery.